Child CPR typically refers to CPR techniques for children between the ages of 1 and 8 years old. For children under one, a rescuer will employ a different set of techniques.
How to perform CPR on a child
The basic child CPR steps are very similar to adult CPR. After ensuring that the scene is safe and that the child actually needs cardiopulmonary resuscitation, do the following:
- Take the heel of one hand or two hands depending on the size of the child. You will be pressing about 2 inches into the chest with each compression so ensure that you can give deep, effective compressions.
- Push straight down in the middle of the sternum. The specific location is just below the imaginary line that connects the nipples. Push at a rate of 2 compressions per second or about 100 per minute. Each compressions should go at least 2 inches deep or about 1/3 the depth of the chest.
- After 30 compressions give 2 rescue breaths.
- Gently tilt the head back, pinch the nose, and blow into the mouth for 1 second. Watch to ensure the chest rises and falls. After this, do another 30 chest compressions.
- Continue CPR until help arrives.
- If you are alone, give 2 minutes of CPR before seeking help.
The full online child cpr class includes detailed demonstration videos, extensive written curriculum that covers numerous topics such as: securing the scene, how to tell if a child needs CPR, the anatomy of CPR, choking relief, and much more. The class also includes a 25 question multiple choice exam and a certificate of completion.
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Child CPR Ratio for Chest Compressions & Rescue breaths.
The child cpr ratio for chest compressions to rescue breaths is 30:2. This means a rescuer will give 30 chest compressions followed by 2 rescue breaths.
Is it ok to break a rib when doing CPR for children?
For younger children, the chance of a broken rib is less. For older children, it is likely that a rib will be broken during CPR. This is ok. Remember, broken ribs are better than a heart that isn’t beating.
I am afraid of doing something wrong, should I not do anything?
Remember that some CPR is better than no CPR. The primary reason that people don’t do CPR is that they are afraid of doing something wrong.
What’s the most important thing to remember when doing CPR on a child?
The most important thing is to give high quality chest compressions. High quality chest compressions are defined as compressions that are at least 2 inches deep at a rate of 100 per minute. This is approximately (not exactly) 2 compressions per second.
The reason that this is so important is that shallow chest compressions will not effectively pump the heart. When giving a chest compression, you are manually taking over the automatic function of the heart to send oxygenated blood to the rest of the body. If you don’t push deep enough, blood will not reach other vital organs.
I thought I wasn’t supposed to give rescue breaths anymore.
Hands-only CPR is a recent update to CPR techniques and can be very effective. Reassert found that people were obtaining from giving CPR for a couple of reasons: It seemed too complicated and overwhelming in the moment, and p
eople were less likely to give CPR if that meant putting their mouth on the mouth of a complete stranger.
Research found that by just giving chest compressions, it was often as effective as giving rescue breaths. So, hands-only CPR was created.
Hands only CPR consists of giving constant high-quality chest compressions without the rescue breathing portion.
When should I give rescue breaths?
Rescue breathing is still recommended when performing CPR on a baby, infant, or very young child. If giving a rescue breath is going to prevent you from doing anything, however, then it is better to jump in with hands-only CPR than stand at the side and watch.
How can I tell if a child actually needs CPR?
The primary indicate of the need to perform child CPR is responsiveness. You want to ensure that the child is unresponsive to stimuli before initiating CPR. To learn more about how to tell if a child is responsive, please take our full child training class.
When should I stop performing CPR on a child?
CPR is a means to manually keep blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs until advanced medical help can arrive on the scene. Do not stop giving CPR until either:
- Advanced medical help arrives and is able to take over.
- The victim regains consciousness
How is CPR for children different than CPR for adults?
CPR for children and adult CPR are very similar. The primary difference is that with a child, the rescuer must decide whether or not to use the palm of 1 hand or both hands when giving chest compressions. This depends on the size of the child and the strength of the rescuer.
CPR on child vs. CPR on infant
There are numerous differences between CPR for children and CPR for infants. The ratio of chest compressions to rescue breathing remains the same, however, at 30:2. To learn more, we recommend that you take our all ages CPR training class. This class covers techniques for all ages.
What is the main reason that a child may need CPR?
The primary reason that caregivers need to give a child CPR is the result of choking and airway obstruction.
How can I learn more about Child CPR?
We recommend that you take our full online Child CPR class. The class includes:
- Professional video demonstrations
- Extensive written curriculum designed to empower moms, dads, and caregivers.
- Exam to test your knowledge
- Dated certificate of completion.
Learn how to perform CPR on your child today and make your house, neighborhood, and community safer places!
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